Research is systematic study directed toward fuller scientific knowledge or use of knowledge directed toward the production of useful materials, devices, systems or methods including design and development of prototypes and processes.
Monies spent to support research activities (basic and applied research and development). Include indirect costs and pass-throughs to institutions. Funding sources include: Federal (considered a national benchmark to measure research success); State; Private (industry and non-profit); and Local (institutional funds).
Sourced from the National Science Foundation (except where noted below). Includes expenditures in science and engineering (S&E) fields only. Non-S&E expenditures are not included.
The UT Brownsville and UT Pan American campuses closed at the end of AY 2015. UT Rio Grande Valley began enrolling students in Fall 2015.
- Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board (THECB) Survey of Research Expenditures. Texas Education Code, Section 61.051(h), directs the THECB to summarize data submitted by the institutions in the annual research expenditures report. The Coordinating Board staff verify the accuracy of the research expenditures data by asking institutions to certify that data reported are consistent with data submitted in their Annual Financial Reports.
- National Science Foundation. National Center for Science & Engineering Statistics Data Tables and WebCASPAR.
When looking at national data or in rankings, research expenditures is usually from the National Science Foundation (NSF). Differences between the THECB & National Science Foundation (NSF) Surveys:
- The THECB collects data on non-science disciplines, which are used in reporting. The NSF collects information on non-science disciplines, but, in most of its reporting, science and non-science disciplines are separated.
- The NSF survey allows institutions to calculate their unreimbursed indirect costs. THECB’s survey allows only tracked indirect costs as reported in the institution’s annual financial report. Institutions using the NSF calculation will have a considerably higher total in the Institution source of funding in NSF reports by comparison with THECB reports.
- NSF may impute data for institutions that do not respond to or fully complete their survey.